The “Nine Gems” or “Navaratnas” in the court of King Chandragupta Vikramaditya, who ruled the Gupta Empire in India during the 4th and 5th centuries CE, were a group of talented individuals who contributed significantly to various fields, including literature, art, science, and administration. While the specific individuals included in this group may vary in different historical accounts, some of the most commonly mentioned members of Chandragupta Vikramaditya’s Navaratnas are:
- Kalidasa – The renowned Sanskrit poet and playwright known for works like “Shakuntala” and “Meghaduta.”
- Varahamihira – An astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer who wrote the famous work “Brihat Samhita.”
- Amarasimha – A Sanskrit lexicographer known for his work “Amarakosha,” which is a thesaurus of Sanskrit words.
- Dhanvantari – An early exponent of Ayurveda, the traditional system of Indian medicine.
- Shanku – A mathematician and astronomer, known for his contributions to geometry and trigonometry.
- Vetala Bhatta – A scholar and commentator who wrote on various subjects, including Nyaya (logic) and Mimamsa (rituals and philosophy).
- Vararuchi – A grammarian and scholar known for his work on Sanskrit grammar.
- Kshapanaka – A poet and playwright known for his work in the field of literature.
- Ghatakarpura – Often mentioned as a talented warrior and military strategist who served in the Gupta Empire.
It’s important to note that the composition of this group of nine scholars and their specific contributions can vary depending on historical sources, and there may have been other notable individuals in Chandragupta Vikramaditya’s court as well. The term “Navaratnas” has been used in different contexts and times to refer to various groups of nine eminent scholars and advisors in different Indian kingdoms.