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The Magnificent Bastar Wood Craft of Chhattisgarh: Exploring India’s Tribal Craftsmanship

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

ॐ श्री गुरुभ्यो नमः ॐ श्री शिवानन्दाय नमः ॐ श्री चिदानन्दाय नमःॐ श्री दुर्गायै नमः 

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Beyond bullets & bloodshed : Bastar - Top Tourist

Bastar Wooden Crafts are traditional Indian wooden crafts that are manufactured in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh state in India.

The wood-crafting work has been protected under the Geographical indication (GI) of the Government of India

Chhattisgarh, especially Bastar people have excellent skills in variety of craft work including Dhokra, bamboo craft, wrought iron craft, tribal dress, traditional textile, Kantha embroidery, terracotta, tribal painting, bell metal, etc.

Their skills have been recognized by national and state awards. Badhai  tribes are skilled in this woodcraft work and they are divided into two groups. One group make agricultural instruments and other group make decorative and totemic pillars. 

Another community, knows as Muria tribe also has woodcarving skills. The Murias are best in craftsmanship. Their skill apply in various objects – small & big. 

They turn craft skills into interpretation of basic lifestyles and basic routines of life such as chaffing of paddy, grinding grains, etc.

They express their culture and religious faiths into art-forms that reflect through their gods, goddess, music, culture and wildlife.

The craft work heavily depended on their hands where there is no machinery usage, or very rare use of machinery in some areas only.

Woodcraft in Bastar has beautiful and unique form of art that was mastered by Bastar tribal and it helps their livelihood.

The handicrafts product has decent market in different parts of India as well as in some foreign countries.

They use teak wood, Indian Rosewood, whitewood and other finest wood to craft various handicraft items. Bastar Wooden Craft has been exhibited at “Durbar Hall Art Gallery” too.

Bastar Wooden Tribal Craft Online | Wooden Crafts | GiTAGGED

Wooden craft from the midst of Bastar forests are known for its relief technique in which the artisans chisel the artwork at a significant depth to give a projection effect. Motifs used in the Bastar wooden craft is very much similar to those found in Indus valley civilization.

Buy wooden crafts of Bastar online by clicking here

Bastar Wooden Art | Handmade Wooden Crafts Online | GITAGGED

Bastar Wooden Craft

Bastar Wooden Craft reflects local mythology, rituals, religion, and folklore in the exquisite shape & forms. The unique raw quality in the finish adds to the rustic appeal of the product.

History:

The wood craft in Bastar exist from 10th Century A.D (since the existence of tribes). This craft was supposed to be on its verge when stone carving began to decrease in the region.

Geographical Area of Production:

Bastar is a region with extensive land cover, with large forests of Sheshum and Shivna wood thriving in the area. Initially, the tribals used the forests to source wood for basic needs like firewood and building shelters. Over a period of time they began to use wood for carving objects and other forms of carpentry.

Specification:

Wooden craft from the midst of Bastar forests are known for its relief technique in which the tribal artisans chisel the artwork at a significant depth to give a projection effect by using simple hand held tools.

The use of local mythological tales and stories from daily life are the main characteristics seen in the art work of the Bastar craftsmen.

Description of Products:

These wooden crafts are most famous, beautiful and unique art of wooden carving of Bastar tribals. These wooden crafts are made out of the finest teak wood, Sheshum, sagon and Shivna wood.

The products are Idols, wall panels, furniture items etc. Among the furniture items Deewan (Cot with box) is very famous and attractive since it involves the art of carving with different pictures of Bastar culture and other designs of interest.

The products are used for decorative purposes, utility purposes, building interior, wall panels and furniture items, etc.

These products may also have some cultural importance to these people. The products which are generally made by them can be broadly classified into three categories :

Buy Wooden Artwork Online (1)

Decorative Products

Gods and Goddesses, Wall panels, Wild Animals and Birds, Carving Scenes of Village Life, Tribal cultures, Tribal masks, Tribal Folk Dances with tribal Motif etc.

Furniture With Tribal Motif

Diwan, Sofa Set, Dressing Table, Mirrot Frame, Dining Set,Chairs, Doors and Door Panels etc.

Daily Use Products

Combs, Hairpins, Knives and other kitchen Accessories, Tobacco cases, Musical Instruments, Jewelry boxes etc.

Method of Production :

The basic processes involved in wood carving are :

  • Sawing and Leveling
  • Splitting
  • Planning
  • Tracing or drawing
  • Carving
  • Smoothening
  • Polishing and Finishing

Design & Motifs:

The motifs used in the Bastar Wooden Craft is very much similar to those found in Indus Valley Civilization establishing an unbroken lineage of the craft form.

The use of local mythological tales and stories from daily life are the main characteristics seen in this art work of the Bastar craftsmen.

Frequent reference to the local mythology, rituals, religion, and folklore in the exquisite shape and forms of the handicraft reflects the cultural legacy of the people who craft them.

Bastar Wooden Tribal Art - GI TAGGED (1)

The motifs used in the Bastar Wooden Craft is very much similar to those found in Indus valley civilization establishing an unbroken lineage of the craft form.

Uniqueness of the Craft :

There are many unique features of Bastar wood carving that demarcates it from any other wood craft in India.

Some of the unique features of Bastar wood craft which differentiate its art from rest of the world are as follows:

  • Use of Sheshum wood.
  • Tribal motifs.
  • Uneven shapes and geometry.
  • Depicts local mythology and culture.
  • Rawness in the finish that adds to the rustic appeal of the product.

Bastar Wooden Craft has been Conferred with the Geographical Indication (GI) status by the Government of India in 2008 with GI Number 63.

You will find a huge collection of Bastar Wooden Craft Showpieces at gitagged.com. So just go ahead and get set to buy Traditional Handcrafted Bastar Wooden Craft Online from GI TAGGED for Ensured Quality, Authenticity & Affordability where our mission stands for – From the Very Land to Your Hand.

You can just walk-in into GiTAGGED Store in HSR Layout to shop Bastar Wooden Craft in Bangalore.

These handicrafts can be served as warming gifts, anniversary gifts, ethnic day gifts, birthday gifts, festive gifts, traditional occasions and gifts on any joyous occasion or as a good show piece or table top.

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“A country remains poor in wealth both materially and intellectually if it doesnot develop its handicrafts and its handicrafts & handloom industries. It lives a lazy parasitic life by importing all the manufactured articles from outside”.

~ Mahatma Gandhi


Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

By Mala Chandrashekhar

Introducing Blogger Mala Chandrashekhar - a specialist academically trained in modern Western sciences, yet deeply enamored with India's timeless ethnic arts, crafts, and textiles. Her heart beats for the rich and glorious cultural and spiritual heritage of India, and she has dedicated her entire blog to spreading the immortal glories of ancient India worldwide. Through her simple yet impactful blog posts, Mala aims to reach every nook and corner of the globe, sharing India's beauty and wisdom with the world.

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3 replies on “The Magnificent Bastar Wood Craft of Chhattisgarh: Exploring India’s Tribal Craftsmanship”

Want to learn this art I am already doing but need fine tuning .
If you have training center are in your knowledge in your city may please inform details.
Thanks & regards

For refining your skills in Bastar wood craft, Chhattisgarh offers several resources and communities that can assist with training and fine-tuning your techniques. While specific training centers for Bastar wood craft aren’t prominently advertised online, there are a few avenues you might consider exploring:

Local Artisan Communities: Bastar is known for its rich tradition of woodcraft, and local artisans are a great resource for learning and refining skills. Engaging with communities in areas like Kondagaon and Jagdalpur, which are hubs for tribal art and craft, could be beneficial. These areas are home to many skilled artisans who work with wood, bell metal, and other materials​ (Chatthisgarh Govt. Tourism)​.

Cultural Organizations: Organizations that focus on preserving and promoting traditional crafts might offer workshops or have connections with master craftsmen who provide training. You can explore options through websites dedicated to Indian crafts and heritage, such as the Craft Revival Trust and India InCH (India’s Crafts and Heritage), which provide directories of practitioners and crafts across India​ (Asia InCH)​.

State Emporiums and Exhibitions: State-run emporiums like Chhattisgarh Handicrafts Development Board may have information on workshops or artists who offer training sessions. These venues often serve as platforms for artisans to showcase their work and might also organize training sessions to promote traditional crafts​​.

Online Resources: Websites like Asia InCH (Encyclopedia of Intangible Cultural Heritage) offer extensive information on various crafts, including wood carving in Chhattisgarh. They provide insights into the tools, techniques, and cultural significance of these crafts, which can be useful for educational purposes and might connect you with training opportunities​ (Asia InCH)​.

Exploring these resources can provide you with opportunities to refine your Bastar wood craft skills through direct mentorship, workshops, or community engagements.

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