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Ethnic Arts, Crafts & Textiles of Jharkhand Ethnic Jewellery of India Tribal Arts & Crafts

The Timeless Tribal Jewellery of Jharkhand

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

ॐ श्री गुरुभ्यो नमः ॐ श्री शिवानन्दाय नमः ॐ श्री चिदानन्दाय नमःॐ श्री दुर्गायै नमः 

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Introduction

Jharkhand, known for its lush forests, undulating landscapes, and rich tribal culture, is a treasure trove of tradition and heritage. Among the numerous facets of its vibrant culture, the traditional tribal jewellery of Jharkhand stands out as a testament to the artistic prowess, cultural diversity, and unwavering devotion to age-old customs of its indigenous communities. These intricate adornments not only embellish the wearers but also narrate the stories of their tribes and their deep connection to the land.

Diverse Tribes, Diverse Ornaments

Jharkhand is home to a multitude of tribal communities, each with its own distinctive cultural identity, language, and traditions. The major tribal communities in the region include the Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Ho, Kharia, and more. This diversity is beautifully reflected in their unique jewellery, which varies in style, materials, and symbolism.

Santhal Jewellery: The Santhal tribe is renowned for their exquisitely crafted ornaments. The women of this community wear thick silver necklaces, locally known as “Rajohar” or “Gahne,” and large silver earrings, known as “Baubles.” These ornaments are often adorned with intricate geometric patterns and animal motifs, showcasing their deep-rooted connection with nature.

Munda Jewellery: The Munda tribe’s jewellery is a celebration of simple elegance. Their ornaments are often made from materials such as brass, white metal, and beads. “Kanjari” (bangles), “Khopor” (headpieces), and “Bira” (earrings) are some of the signature pieces of Munda jewellery. The Munda people often use cowrie shells to decorate their ornaments.

Oraon Jewellery: The Oraon community’s jewellery features elaborate silver necklaces and traditional nose rings known as “Phoolkathi.” The Phoolkathi is a striking ornament that covers the entire nose and is a symbol of marital status. Oraon jewellery reflects their devotion to their traditions and rituals.

Ho and Kharia Jewellery: The Ho and Kharia tribes are known for their love of vibrant colors and unconventional materials. They use glass beads, brass, and even wood in their ornaments. The “Rang Barse” necklaces and colorful beadwork are distinct features of their jewellery.

Symbolism and Significance

Tribal jewellery in Jharkhand is not merely decorative; it is deeply imbued with symbolism and cultural significance. These ornaments signify various aspects of life, including marital status, age, and social standing. For example, married women often wear certain pieces that indicate their marital status, while young girls may don different ornaments to symbolize their eligibility for marriage. The intricate designs also reflect the tribal people’s close connection with nature, including motifs inspired by animals, trees, and natural elements.

Challenges and Preservation

While the traditional tribal jewellery of Jharkhand remains an integral part of the tribal communities’ identity, it faces several challenges in the modern era. Changes in lifestyle, economic constraints, and the allure of mass-produced jewelry have led some younger generations to drift away from these traditional adornments. Additionally, there’s a need to address issues related to the preservation of traditional jewelry-making techniques and the protection of indigenous intellectual property rights.

Efforts are underway to promote and preserve this invaluable heritage. Various non-governmental organizations and government initiatives are working to support the tribal artisans and help market their creations. Exhibitions, fairs, and cultural events also serve as platforms to showcase and celebrate the tribal jewelry of Jharkhand, fostering a renewed appreciation for these precious ornaments.

Conclusion

The traditional tribal jewellery of Jharkhand is more than just adornment; it is a testament to the rich cultural diversity and age-old traditions of the region’s indigenous communities. These ornaments are not only symbols of identity but also a window into the tribal people’s profound connection with nature and their ancestral traditions. As we navigate the modern world, it is essential to recognize and protect these treasures of the past, ensuring that the legacy of Jharkhand’s tribal jewellery continues to shine brightly, embodying the spirit of the tribal communities that have cherished it for generations.

Tribal Jewellery of Jharkhand. Everything you need to know about.
Tribal Jewellery of Jharkhand. Everything you need to know about.
Jharkhand Tribal Necklace - directcreate.com
Jharkhand Tribal Necklace - directcreate.com
Jharkhand Tribal Necklace - directcreate.com
This set is made by tribal women of Jharkhand. The NGO Avika trains tribal  women to make different products, gives th… | Jewelry set, Metal jewelry,  Antique jewelry
Jharkhand Tribal Necklace - directcreate.com

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

By Mala Chandrashekhar

Introducing Blogger Mala Chandrashekhar - A specialist academically trained in modern Western sciences, yet deeply enamored with India's timeless ethnic arts, crafts, and textiles. Her heart beats for the rich and glorious cultural and spiritual heritage of India, and she has dedicated her entire blog to spreading the immortal glories of ancient India worldwide. Through her simple yet impactful blog posts, Mala aims to reach every nook and corner of the globe, sharing India's beauty and wisdom with the world.

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