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Glass Bangle Industry of Firozabad in Uttar Pradesh

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File:Bangles Ornaments.jpg - Wikipedia
Glass Bangles of Firozabad

Firozabad is a town in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, where glass-making is a household craft. Firozabad has been producing glass bangles for more than 200 years.

<p>Workers melting glass in traditional furnace.</p>
Workers melting glass in traditional furnace in Glass Bangle Industry of Firozabad

Firozabad, a small industrial town located nearly 200km from India’s capital, New Delhi, is known for its glass industry, particularly its famed bangles.

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Dhaga Bangle at Rs 24/box | Purani Mandi, Gali Bohran | Firozabad| ID:  14573539762
Glass Bangles of Firozabad

Chimneys bellowing black smoke from dilapidated glass factories show little sign of industrial modernisation as the traditional methods of glass-making are still largely prevalent.

Glass Bangle Set by RK Bangles & Glass Suppliers, glass bangle set from  Firozabad | ID - 2761416
Glass Bangles of Firozabad

Bangle-making is a household business in this town with traditional technique being passed on through generations.

Indian town where glass-making is a household craft | India | Al Jazeera
Glass Bangles of Firozabad

Firozabad has been producing glass bangles for more than 200 years now and is the biggest manufacturer of glass bangles in the world.

The bangle market in the town’s Gali Bohran has rows of colourful shops selling glittering, beautifully hand-crafted glass bangles.

Glass Bangles of Firozabad

But child labour and manpower exploitation is a sad reality as most of the factories are informally run by families or individuals.

Glass Bangles of Firozabad

There are more than 191 glass-bangle factories registered by government, and in a single factory around 200 people work.

Glass Bangles of Firozabad

An abundance of silica sand available locally used in making glass, plus cheap labour have led to the proliferation of glass factories in the town.

Glass Bangles of Firozabad

The combination of chemicals, heat and glass used in this industry is a major health hazard for the workers who suffer from various medical disorders.

Glass Bangles of Firozabad

Most of the patients from this glass bangle industry have chest and lung disorders.

Glass Bangles of Firozabad

They mostly suffer from tuberculosis or other fatal infections of the lungs and chest. Skin burns, allergies and decline in vision is also very common in these workers.

How the beautiful glass bangles are made in Firozabad – A glimpse :

The labourers work in hazardous conditions midst toxic fumes and unbearable heat. Many of them develop serious ailments. 
The labourers work in hazardous conditions midst toxic fumes and unbearable heat. Many of them develop serious ailments. 
The glass is melted in primitive furnace where temperature is around 1500 degrees.
The glass is melted in primitive furnace where temperature is around 1500 degrees.
A worker collecting broken bangles to be recicled.
A worker collecting broken bangles to be recicled.
Once out of the furnace, the bangles are allowed to cool down before being packed and dispatched for designing and beautification. 
Once out of the furnace, the bangles are allowed to cool down before being packed and dispatched for designing and beautification. 
People from all age groups are working in manufacturing glass bangles and the process has not changed the since centuries.
People from all age groups are working in manufacturing glass bangles and the process has not changed the since centuries.
Suresh Chani, 50, and his two daughters working in their congested workshop at home. Most of these workshops are indoors resulting in hazardous work place.
Suresh Chani, 50, and his two daughters working in their congested workshop at home. Most of these workshops are indoors resulting in hazardous work place.
Mansi, 12 working on beautification of a set of bangles. Children are engaged into the trade by their families at an early age.
Mansi, 12 working on beautification of a set of bangles. Children are engaged into the trade by their families at an early age.
Gurdi Devi, 52 and her children working together to earn their livelihood to support their entire family. None of her children go to school.
Gurdi Devi, 52 and her children working together to earn their livelihood to support their entire family. None of her children go to school.
Uma Devi, 25 working on a set of bangles with precision. All the women in the township, in addition to this work, also take care of their household.
Uma Devi, 25 working on a set of bangles with precision. All the women in the township, in addition to this work, also take care of their household.
5 year old girl carrying a set of crafted bangles from her home to a nearby shop. 
5 year old girl carrying a set of crafted bangles from her home to a nearby shop. 
Babu Ram Mishank, 80 has been working in the bangle industry throughout his entire life and according to him the things have remained the same with no change in the working conditions.
Babu Ram Mishank, 80 has been working in the bangle industry throughout his entire life and according to him the things have remained the same with no change in the working conditions.
Salim, 14 assembling and packing bangles before they are ready to be supplied to the market vendors.
Salim, 14 assembling and packing bangles before they are ready to be supplied to the market vendors.
A worker checking each bangle by mildly striking on a stone. He identifies the damaged bagel with a distinct sound. On an average a worker earns 60 rupees (1 dollar) for striking 16000 bangles.
A worker checking each bangle by mildly striking on a stone. He identifies the damaged bagel with a distinct sound. On an average a worker earns 60 rupees (1 dollar) for striking 16000 bangles.
So much is the importance of this ornament that bollywood songs have been written and dedicated to bangles 
So much is the importance of this ornament that bollywood songs have been written and dedicated to bangles 

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Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

By Mala Chandrashekhar

Introducing Blogger Mala Chandrashekhar - a specialist academically trained in modern Western sciences, yet deeply enamored with India's timeless ethnic arts, crafts, and textiles. Her heart beats for the rich and glorious cultural and spiritual heritage of India, and she has dedicated her entire blog to spreading the immortal glories of ancient India worldwide. Through her simple yet impactful blog posts, Mala aims to reach every nook and corner of the globe, sharing India's beauty and wisdom with the world.

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7 replies on “Glass Bangle Industry of Firozabad in Uttar Pradesh”

Dear Mala,
Superbly articulated heart-wrenching story. One of my students used your report for an assignment in the Development Communication course. We need many such human-interest stories that can bring change in society. Kudos! keep it up.

Hlo sir, kya aapko empty glass bottle ki requirements hoti hai , bangles banane Mai. Please reply dena
Thanks

Dharmender Ji,

Thank you for reaching out. If there is any requirements for empty glass bottles for making glass bangles, someone in this forum will definitely keep your contact for future reference if any need arises. Have a great day!”

Hlo sir, kya aapko empty glass bottle ki requirements hoti hai , bangles banane Mai. Please reply dena
Thanks

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