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Pattachitra is a traditional painting of Odisha in India. These paintings are based on Hindu mythology, especially inspired by the Jagannath and Vaishnava sect. All colours used in these Paintings are natural, and the paintings are made in fully old traditional way by the Chitrakaras that is the Odiya Painters.
Pattachitra style of painting is one of the oldest and the most popular art forms of Odisha.
The name Pattachitra has evolved from the Sanskrit words Patta, meaning canvas, and Chitra, meaning picture. Pattachitra is thus a painting done on canvas, and is manifested by rich colourful applications, creative motifs and designs, and portrayal of simple themes, mostly Hindu mythological in depiction.
The traditions of Pattachitra paintings are more than thousand years old.
Patachitra art-form is known for its intricate details as well as mythological narratives and folktales inscribed in it.
Pattachitra is one of the ancient artworks of Odisha, originally created for ritual use and as souvenirs for pilgrims to Puri, as well as other temples in Odisha.
Patachitras are a component of an ancient Bengali narrative art, originally serving as a visual device during the performance of a song.
The paintings of Odisha can be divided into three categories from the point of view of medium, i.e. paintings on cloth or ‘Patta Chitra’, paintings on walls or ‘Bhitti Chitra’ and palm leaf engravings or “Tala Patra Chitra’ or ‘Pothi Chitra’.
The style of all these remains more or less the same because the the artists originally were commissioned to work on all these media, it is believed.
The paintings of ‘Pattachitra’ resemble the old murals of Odisha especially in the religious centres of Puri, Konark and Bhubaneshwar region, dating back to the 5th century BC. The best work is found in and around Puri, especially in the village of Raghurajpur.
This old tradition of Odia painting still survives in the places like Puri, Raghurajpur, Paralakhemundi, Chikiti and Sonepur. Lord Jagannath in the present from is being taken as the origin of the Patta style.
The colour schemes of the deities of Puri are quite similar to those of the Patta style.
The oldest record of Patta Paintings does not probably go beyond the establishment of the present shrine of Shri Jagannath at Puri. It may be due to the fact that paintings do not survive like sculptures. The paints inside the shrines of Lord Jagannath at Puri make the date probable.
Click on the pictures above to purchase online the Pattachitra paintings of Odisha