Categories
Ethnic Textiles & Sarees Ethnic Textiles of Kashmir

Kashmiri Pashmina Shawls

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

ॐ श्री गुरुभ्यो नमः ॐ श्री शिवानन्दाय नमः ॐ श्री चिदानन्दाय नमःॐ श्री दुर्गायै नमः 

Source of all Images in this Blog-post : Google Images : ‘Google Image Search’ will reveal the multiple sources of every single image shared here. For more details, kindly see ‘Disclaimer

Buy Pashmina Shawls of Kashmir Online on Google Shopping

Buy Pashmina Shawls of Kashmir Online on Amazon India

Kashmiri Pashmina Shawls by Chakrika International from Vadodara Gujarat |  ID - 3406530

Pashmina refers to a fine variant of spun Cashmere, the animal-hair fibre forming the downy undercoat of the Changthangi goat. The word Pashm  means wool in Persian, but in Kashmir, Pashm referred to the raw unspun wool of domesticated Changthangi goats. 

In common parlance today,  Pashmina may refer either to the material or to the variant of the Kashmir shawl that is made from it. 

Both generic cashmere and Pashmina come from the same goat, but generic cashmere ranges from 12 to 21 microns in diameter, whereas Pashmina refers only to those fibres that range from 12 to 16 microns.

kashmiri pashmina - Online Discount Shop for Electronics, Apparel, Toys,  Books, Games, Computers, Shoes, Jewelry, Watches, Baby Products, Sports &  Outdoors, Office Products, Bed & Bath, Furniture, Tools, Hardware,  Automotive Parts, Accessories
15 Shawl ideas | shawl, kashmiri shawls, hand dyed shawl

History

Samples of wool fibres discovered from corroded copper artifacts from Harappa dating back to the Indus valley civilization are extremely fine and resemble Pashmina and Shatoosh

The material gained prominence through its use in the Kashmir shawl.

In Mughal times, this was used as an indicator of rank and nobility. In 1526, Babur (1483–1530) founded the Mughal Empire in India, and established the practice of giving Khilat or ‘robes of honor’, typically made of expensive fabric) to members of their Durbar.

This was to indicate high service, great achievement, or royal favor. In his time, the Mughal Khilat was a set of clothes, which could include a turban, long coat, gown, fitted jacket, sash, shawl, trousers, shirt, and scarf. 

One or all of these could be made of Pashmina and embroidered in gold cloth. 

In 1568, Kashmir was conquered by Babur’s grandson Akbar. In Akbar’s time, a pair of Pashmina shawls were an expected part of Khil’at ceremonies. 

From the 16th to the early 20th centuries, the Safavid, Zand, and Qajar  emperors of Iran also wore Pashmina and gifted Kashmir shawls as Khilat  within their political and religious practices.

Pashmina blankets were also vital additions to a wealthy woman’s dowry in India, Pakistan and Nepal. 

In nineteenth-century English writing, despite the fact that shawls were worn by men, Kashmiri shawls became coded as women’s luxuries. They acquired the status of heirlooms, worn by a girl on her marriage and coming-of-age, and as heirlooms that women would inherit rather than purchase. 

Since English law restricted women’s abilities to inherit land, the Kashmir shawl served as an item of high exchange value that a woman could carry. 

In France, the Pashmina Kashmir shawl gained status as a fashion icon through Empress Joséphine’s enthusiastic use. These shawls suited the French well, providing the needed warmth, while adding visual interest to white French gowns through the traditional teardrop Buta pattern and discreet floral motifs. 

The shawl became a symbol of French bourgeois status from the Bourbon Restoration (1815–48) through the Second French Empire (1852–70).

As a class marker, it fulfilled 19th century French tastes because it looked rich, had extensive ornamentation, artistic qualities, and was made of expensive raw materials.

Buy Pashmina Shawls of Kashmir Online on Google Shopping

Buy Pashmina Shawls of Kashmir Online on Amazon India

Printed White Kashmiri Shawls, Saboori International | ID: 20752613662
25 Shawls :) ideas | pashmina, kashmiri shawls, pashmina shawl

Production

Goats used for pashmina shed their winter coat every spring. One goat sheds approximately 80–170 grams (3–6 oz) of the fibre. In the spring (the moulting season), the goats naturally shed their undercoat, which regrows in winter.

This undercoat is collected by combing the goat, not by shearing, as in other fine wools.

A traditional producer of Pashmina wool in the Ladakh region of the Himalayas are a people known as the Changpa. These are a nomadic people and inhabit the Changthang plateau of Tibet, which has a minimum altitude of 13,500 feet (4,100 m) above sea level and a winter temperature which can drop to −40 °C (−40 °F).

The Changpa rear sheep in these harsh climates for meat, and pashmina goats for wool.

Raw Pashmina is exported to Kashmir. All steps, from combing, removing impurities and guard hair, and aligning fibers and spinning, to weaving and finishing, are traditionally carried out by hand by specialized craftsmen and women.

The major center of Pashmina fabric production is in the old district of the city of Srinagar. The approximate time put into producing a single traditional Pashmina stole (70x200cm) is 180 hours.

Parity > pure pashmina shawl online, Up to 62% OFF

Buy Pashmina Shawls of Kashmir Online on Google Shopping

Buy Pashmina Shawls of Kashmir Online on Amazon India

Products

Pashmina accessories are known for their softness and warmth. They are available in a range of sizes, from scarf 12 in × 60 in to wrap or stole 28 in × 80 in Raw (left) and de-haired (right) Cashmere Pashmina wool to full-sized shawl 36 in × 80 in and in rare cases, macho 12 ft × 12 ft.

Pure Pashmina is a rather gauzy, open weave, as the fibre cannot tolerate high tension.

The most popular Pashmina fabric is a 70% Pashmina/30% silk blend, but 50/50 is also common. The 70/30 is tightly woven, has an elegant sheen and drapes nicely, but is still quite soft and light-weight.

A craze for Pashmina shawls, in the mid-1990s resulted in high demand for the raw material, so demand exceeded supply.

When these shawls rose into fashion prominence during the era, they were marketed dubiously. In the consumer markets, Pashmina shawls have been redefined as a shawl/wrap with Cashmere and Cashmere/silk, notwithstanding the actual meaning of Pashmina.

Some shawls marketed as Pashmina shawls contain (sheep) wool, while other unscrupulous companies marketed artificial fabrics such as viscose and others as Pashmina with deceptive marketing statements such as ‘authentic viscose Pashmina’.

The word Pashmina is not a labelling term recognized by law in the United States, where it is considered another term for cashmere. According to the U.S. Federal Trade Commission:

Some manufacturers use the term Pashmina to describe an ultra fine Cashmere fiber; others use the term to describe a blend of Cashmere and silk.

As with all other wool products, the fiber content of a shawl, scarf or other item marketed as Pashmina must be accurately disclosed.

For example, a blend of Cashmere and silk might be labeled 50% Cashmere, 50% Silk or 70% Cashmere, 30% Silk, depending upon the actual Cashmere and silk content. If the item contains only Cashmere, it should be labeled 100% Pashmina or All Cashmere, by the Wool Act or regulations.

****************************

“A country remains poor in wealth both materially and intellectually if it doesnot develop its handicrafts and its handicrafts & handloom industries. It lives a lazy parasitic life by importing all the manufactured articles from outside”.

~ Mahatma Gandhi


Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

By Mala Chandrashekhar

Though academically trained in modern Western Sciences, Blogger Mala Chandrashekhar is a crazy maniac of India's ageless, timeless ethnic arts, crafts & textiles. The rich & glorious cultural & spiritual heritage of India is a subject extremely dear to her heart, and the whole of this Blog has been dedicated to spreading the immortal glories of ancient India worldwide, to every nook & corner of the globe, through these simple Blog-posts. Any constructive criticisms & suggestions in this regard for improvement of the Blog 'MOST WELCOME'. Also, High-Quality Guest Blog-posts 'MOST WELCOME". LinkedIn Profile : https://in.linkedin.com/in/mala-chandrashekhar-04095917a

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.