The temple has beautiful architecture and has been built by the Nayakar kings during the 16th century. Govinda Dikshitar, the prime minister of the Nayaka kings, constructed the temple. The temple is one of the prominent Vishnu temples in thr holy town of Kumbakonam. The temple has a 3-tiered Gopuram surrounded by walls. The central shrine houses the image of Rama in a seated posture with his consort Sita. The other images are of his brothers Lakshmana, Bharatha and Shatrughna in standing posture and Hanuman in worship posture.
The sixty four pillars in the hall near the Gopuram are sculpted with exquisite finesse depicting various episodes of the Hindu epic Ramayana. Each pillar is carved out of a single stone and the delicacy is very prominent. The temple is a typical Nayak style of temples.On the walls of the temple, the great Hindu epic Ramayanam is depicted in pictorial format in three segments. One can read through Ramayana pictorially whilst taking three rounds of the Sanctum Sanctorum.
Five Vishnu temples of Kumbhakonam are connected with the local Mahamaham festival which happens once in 12 years in Kumbakonam. They are, Sarangapani Temple, Chakrapani Temple, Ramaswamy Temple, Rajagopalaswamy Temple, and Varahaperumal Temple.