The ensemble of monuments that have survived today, belong to the Hindu and Jain Religious practices, with striking fusion of sculpture and architecture. The best example of this outstanding feature is seen in the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple.
Of the 85 temples built, only 22 temples have survived today, in an area of 6 km2, which represents the Chandela period of the 10th century in India.
Located in the Central Indian State of Madhya Pradesh, Khajuraho was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, in 1982, for its unique original artistic creation, and as a proof of the Chandela Culture, that existed prior to the Muslim invasion of India, in the early 12th century.
Most Khajuraho temples were built between 950 AD and 1050 AD by the Chandela Dynasty. Of the various surviving temples, the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple is decorated with a profusion of sculptures with intricate details, symbolism and expressiveness of ancient Indian art.
The Khajuraho group of temples were dedicated to two religions, Hinduism and Jainism, suggesting a tradition of acceptance and respect for diverse religious views, among Hindus and Jains, in the region.
The Khajuraho temples feature varieties of art work, of which 10% is sexual or Erotic Art both outside and inside the temples. The temples have several thousand statues and art works, with Kandariya Mahadeva Temple alone decorated with over 870.
As mentioned earlier, some 10% of these iconographic carvings, contain Sexual Themes And Various Sexual Poses. A common misconception is that, since the old structures with these erotic carvings in Khajuraho are temples, the carvings depict sex between Deities; however the Kama Arts represent diverse sexual expressions of different human beings.
The vast majority of arts in Khajuraho, depict various aspects of the everyday life, mythical stories as well as symbolic display of various secular and spiritual values important in Hindu tradition.
For example, depictions show women putting on makeup, musicians making music, potters, farmers, and other folks in their daily life during the medieval era. These scenes are in the outer Padas, as we see in typical in Hindu temples. Even the Kama scenes, when seen in combination of sculptures that precede and follow, depict the spiritual themes such as Moksha ( Salvation / Liberation )
Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage
By Mala Chandrashekhar
Though academically trained in modern Western Sciences, Blogger Mala Chandrashekhar is a crazy maniac of India's ageless, timeless ethnic arts, crafts & textiles. The rich & glorious cultural & spiritual heritage of India is a subject extremely dear to her heart, and the whole of this Blog has been dedicated to spreading the immortal glories of ancient India worldwide, to every nook & corner of the globe, through these simple Blog-posts. Any constructive criticisms & suggestions in this regard for improvement of the Blog 'MOST WELCOME'. Also, High-Quality Guest Blog-posts 'MOST WELCOME". LinkedIn Profile : https://in.linkedin.com/in/mala-chandrashekhar-04095917a