The Iconic Sikh Gurudwaras Around the World: A Journey of Devotion and Architecture

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage


The Sikh religion, founded in the 15th century in the Punjab region of India, is marked by its rich cultural and spiritual heritage. At the heart of Sikhism are the Gurudwaras, sacred places of worship where Sikhs gather to pray, reflect, and serve the community. These architectural marvels, scattered across the globe, not only serve as religious sanctuaries but also as symbols of Sikh identity and devotion. Here is a journey through some of the most iconic Sikh Gurudwaras around the world, celebrated for their historical significance, architectural beauty, and spiritual ambiance.

1. Sri Harmandir Sahib (Golden Temple), Amritsar, India

The Golden Temple, also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib, is the holiest shrine in Sikhism. Located in Amritsar, Punjab, it was designed by Guru Arjan, the fifth Sikh Guru. The temple’s stunning architecture, with its gold-plated façade and serene Amrit Sarovar (holy tank), attracts millions of visitors each year. The Harmandir Sahib is not only a place of worship but also a symbol of equality and brotherhood, welcoming people of all faiths.

2. Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, New Delhi, India

Situated in the heart of India’s capital, New Delhi, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib is known for its association with the eighth Sikh Guru, Guru Har Krishan. The Gurudwara features a beautiful golden dome and a large sarovar, or water tank, considered to have healing properties. It is renowned for its community kitchen (Langar) that serves free meals to thousands of people daily.

3. Sri Guru Singh Sabha, Southall, UK

Sri Guru Singh Sabha in Southall, London, is one of the largest Gurudwaras outside of India. It serves as a significant center for the Sikh community in the UK, offering religious services, community support, and educational programs. The Gurudwara’s modern architectural design blends traditional elements with contemporary aesthetics, symbolizing the Sikh diaspora’s integration into British society.

4. Gurudwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur, Pakistan

Gurudwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur is one of the holiest sites in Sikhism. It is located in Pakistan, near the India-Pakistan border. This Gurudwara marks the site where Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, spent the last 18 years of his life. The Kartarpur Corridor, inaugurated in 2019, allows Indian pilgrims to visit the shrine without a visa, promoting peace and unity between the two nations.

5. Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib, New Delhi, India

Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib in Chandni Chowk, Delhi, is built at the site where Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth Sikh Guru, was martyred. It stands as a testament to the Guru’s sacrifice and bravery. The architecture of the Gurudwara is a blend of Mughal and Sikh styles, featuring a prominent golden dome and intricate carvings.

6. Gurudwara Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib, Trinidad and Tobago

This Gurudwara is a significant place of worship for the Sikh community in the Caribbean. Located in Freeport, Trinidad and Tobago, it is known for its vibrant community activities and cultural events. The Gurudwara’s architecture reflects the simplicity and spiritual focus of Sikhism, serving as a beacon of faith in the region.

7. Gurudwara Sahib of San Jose, California, USA

The Gurudwara Sahib of San Jose is one of the largest Gurudwaras in North America. It serves as a religious, cultural, and educational center for Sikhs in the United States. The sprawling complex includes a prayer hall, community kitchen, and classrooms. Its architecture, with traditional Sikh elements, symbolizes the community’s commitment to preserving their heritage in a foreign land.

8. Gurudwara Nanak Shahi, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Gurudwara Nanak Shahi is the principal Sikh temple in Bangladesh, located on the campus of the University of Dhaka. It is one of the few surviving relics of the Sikh presence in the region. The Gurudwara is a simple yet elegant structure, reflecting the humble and egalitarian principles of Sikhism.

9. Gurudwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha, Bangkok, Thailand

This Gurudwara is a major spiritual center for Sikhs in Thailand. Located in the bustling city of Bangkok, it serves as a hub for religious and cultural activities. The architecture of the Gurudwara combines traditional Sikh design with local Thai influences, creating a unique and harmonious blend.

10. Gurudwara Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Nairobi, Kenya

Gurudwara Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji in Nairobi is a cornerstone of the Sikh community in Kenya. It provides a space for worship, community gatherings, and educational programs. The Gurudwara’s architecture, with its distinctive domes and arches, stands out as a landmark of Sikh faith and culture in East Africa.


These iconic Sikh Gurudwaras around the world are more than just places of worship. They are centers of community life, cultural heritage, and spiritual growth. Each Gurudwara, with its unique architectural features and historical significance, tells the story of the Sikh diaspora’s journey and their unwavering devotion to their faith. Visiting these sacred sites offers a glimpse into the rich tapestry of Sikhism, woven with threads of devotion, service, and unity.

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

By Mala Chandrashekhar

Introducing Blogger Mala Chandrashekhar - A specialist academically trained in modern Western sciences, yet deeply enamored with India's timeless ethnic arts, crafts, and textiles. Her heart beats for the rich and glorious cultural and spiritual heritage of India, and she has dedicated her entire blog to spreading the immortal glories of ancient India worldwide. Through her simple yet impactful blog posts, Mala aims to reach every nook and corner of the globe, sharing India's beauty and wisdom with the world.

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