Sitalpati: The Cool Mats of Bengal

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

Introduction and Usage

Sitalpati, a term that translates to “cool mat” in Bengali, is an exquisite traditional craft from the state of West Bengal. These mats are intricately woven from the cane of the Maranta dichotoma plant, known locally as ‘Murta’ or ‘Patibast’. Sitalpati mats are celebrated not only for their aesthetic appeal but also for their functional use in providing a cooling effect, making them an essential item in Bengali households, especially during the hot and humid summers.

The artistry of Sitalpati is manifested through the fine, often dyed cane strands that are meticulously interwoven to create stunning patterns. These designs range from simple geometric shapes to complex motifs featuring animals and floral elements. Each mat tells a story, reflecting the rich cultural heritage and skilled craftsmanship of the artisans who create them.


The heart of Sitalpati weaving is Cooch Behar, a district in West Bengal. This region is renowned for its historical significance and cultural richness. Cooch Behar has been a melting pot of various cultural influences, which is evident in its traditional crafts. The Sitalpati mats of Cooch Behar stand out due to their superior quality and intricate designs, making them highly sought after both locally and internationally.

Weaving Process

The creation of Sitalpati mats is a meticulous process that requires precision and patience. It begins with the selection of the cane slips, which are then soaked and boiled to enhance their pliability. After boiling, the cane slips are carefully dried under sunlight and dew to achieve the perfect texture for weaving.

Once the preparation of the cane is complete, the weaving process begins. Artisans employ traditional hand-weaving techniques, skillfully interlacing the cane strands to form the mats. The patterns are often intricate and require a high level of expertise to execute flawlessly. The final product is a testament to the artisans’ dedication and the time-honored techniques passed down through generations.


The Sitalpati weaving tradition is a vital aspect of the socio-economic fabric of Cooch Behar. Approximately 14,000 families in the region are engaged in this craft, relying on it as their primary source of livelihood. The widespread involvement in Sitalpati weaving has significantly boosted the local economy, leading to improved living standards and greater access to education and other essential services for the community members.

Success and Recognition

The artisans of Cooch Behar have garnered considerable recognition for their exceptional Sitalpati mats. They frequently participate in various fairs and festivals, showcasing their skills and promoting their craft to a broader audience. These events have facilitated market linkages with major craft retailers, allowing artisans to sell their products more widely and sustainably.

Moreover, the international exposure of Sitalpati mats has elevated the status of this traditional craft on a global platform. Artisans have had the opportunity to exhibit their work in international forums, earning accolades and appreciation for their craftsmanship. This recognition has not only validated their skills but also inspired a new generation to continue and innovate within this traditional art form.


To support and nurture the Sitalpati weaving tradition, the Coochbehar-I Patishilpo Samabay Samity cooperative plays a pivotal role. This cooperative provides a structured framework for the artisans, offering essential facilities such as a dedicated museum and a marketplace. The museum serves as a repository of the region’s rich weaving heritage, while the marketplace facilitates the sale of the mats, ensuring fair prices for the artisans and promoting their work to a wider audience.

The cooperative also focuses on skill development and capacity building, ensuring that the artisans are equipped with the necessary tools and knowledge to thrive in a competitive market. By fostering a sense of community and providing robust support systems, the cooperative has been instrumental in sustaining and enhancing the Sitalpati weaving tradition in Cooch Behar.


Sitalpati mats are more than just functional items; they are a representation of the cultural heritage and artistic excellence of Bengal. The dedication of the artisans in Cooch Behar to preserve and innovate within this tradition is truly commendable. As Sitalpati continues to gain recognition and appreciation worldwide, it stands as a testament to the enduring appeal and timeless beauty of Bengal’s traditional crafts.

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

By Mala Chandrashekhar

Introducing Blogger Mala Chandrashekhar - A specialist academically trained in modern Western sciences, yet deeply enamored with India's timeless ethnic arts, crafts, and textiles. Her heart beats for the rich and glorious cultural and spiritual heritage of India, and she has dedicated her entire blog to spreading the immortal glories of ancient India worldwide. Through her simple yet impactful blog posts, Mala aims to reach every nook and corner of the globe, sharing India's beauty and wisdom with the world.

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