Exploring the Vibrant Tradition of Srikalahasti Kalamkari of Andhra Pradesh

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage


Nestled in the culturally rich landscape of Andhra Pradesh, Srikalahasti stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of Indian crafts. Among its most distinguished artistic expressions is Kalamkari, an exquisite form of hand-painted or block-printed cotton textile that has captivated art enthusiasts worldwide. This blog post delves deep into the heart of Srikalahasti to explore the intricate world of Kalamkari, its historical roots, unique techniques, and contemporary relevance.

The Historical Roots of Srikalahasti Kalamkari

Kalamkari, which literally means “pen-work,” has a history that dates back to ancient India. The craft originally evolved as a form of temple art where scenes from Hindu mythology were depicted on cloth. These narrative paintings served both as a medium of storytelling and as ornate temple hangings. The art received patronage during the Mughal era and was further refined under the British, leading to a blend of indigenous styles with Persian influences, particularly in motifs and designs.

Srikalahasti’s version of Kalamkari is distinctive for its use of a kalam or pen, which is used to draw freehand designs on fabric. Unlike its counterpart in Machilipatnam, which utilizes block prints, the Srikalahasti style is purely hand-drawn, emphasizing the skill and precision of the artisans.

The Kalamkari Process: A Labor of Love

The process of creating a Kalamkari piece is labor-intensive, involving multiple steps that can take weeks to complete. It begins with the treatment of the fabric, which is washed thoroughly to remove impurities. Artisans then soak it in a mixture of milk and myrobalans (hard nuts used for dyeing), which helps the fabric absorb the natural dyes used in painting.

Drawing and coloring come next, with the kalam being central to the process. Artisans use this pen, crafted from a bamboo stick with a bundle of fine hair attached, to draw elaborate designs. The dyes used are all-natural, extracted from plants, minerals, and other organic sources. For instance, black is made from iron filings and jaggery, while red comes from the bark of the madder tree.

Motifs and Themes: A Rich Tapestry of Designs

Srikalahasti Kalamkari is renowned for its religious themes, often featuring stories from Hindu epics like the Ramayana and Mahabharata, as well as depictions of gods and goddesses. Floral motifs, paisleys, and scenes from nature are also common, reflecting the local flora and fauna.

Each piece tells a story, making it not just a piece of fabric but a canvas that narrates tales of divine and earthly wonder. The intricacy of the designs and the vividness of the narratives make each Kalamkari piece a collectible artwork.

Contemporary Relevance and Challenges

Today, Kalamkari remains a symbol of cultural heritage, but it faces challenges like many traditional arts. The younger generation of artisans is dwindling, and the economic viability of handcrafted textiles is constantly under threat from cheaper, mass-produced alternatives. However, initiatives by the government and various NGOs to revive and promote traditional crafts have helped in sustaining interest and improving the livelihoods of artisans.

Designers are also incorporating Kalamkari patterns into modern fashion, home decor, and even in digital art forms, which has helped the craft reach a broader audience. Workshops and live demonstrations are becoming popular in cities and cultural festivals, further spreading awareness of the craft’s unique beauty.


Srikalahasti’s Kalamkari is a vibrant thread in the fabric of Indian cultural arts. Its survival and revival are crucial not just for the sake of preserving a traditional craft, but for celebrating the rich tapestry of human creativity and cultural expression. As we embrace modernity, let’s also cherish and support the ancient crafts that tell the stories of our past, carrying them forward into the future.

This blog post aims to highlight the profound cultural significance and breathtaking beauty of Srikalahasti Kalamkari. By understanding and appreciating these arts, we contribute to their preservation and continued evolution.

Where to buy?

You can buy Srikalahasti Kalamkari work from a variety of sources, both online and offline. Here’s a guide for individual buyers and retailers interested in acquiring these beautiful hand-painted textiles:

For Individual Buyers

  1. Local Craft Stores and Boutiques: You might find Kalamkari textiles in stores that specialize in traditional Indian crafts. In major cities, especially those with a significant tourist presence, these stores are more common.
  2. Online Marketplaces: Websites like Amazon, Flipkart, and Etsy often have listings for Kalamkari products. These platforms host multiple sellers and offer a range of Kalamkari items from different regions.
  3. Specialty Online Stores: Dedicated Indian craft websites like iTokri, Craftsvilla, and Gaatha also sell authentic Kalamkari artwork directly sourced from artisans.
  4. Art and Craft Fairs: Keep an eye out for local art and craft fairs where artisans display and sell their work. Events such as the Surajkund Crafts Mela often feature artisans from all over India, including those specializing in Kalamkari.

For Retailers

  1. Direct from Artisans: Building relationships with artisans in Srikalahasti can allow for regular, bulk purchases at wholesale rates. This direct approach supports the artisans more significantly and ensures authenticity.
  2. Wholesale Craft Markets: Cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Jaipur have wholesale markets where retailers can buy large quantities of traditional crafts, including Kalamkari. These markets typically offer competitive pricing.
  3. Trade Shows and Expos: Attending trade shows and expos focused on Indian handicrafts can be a great way to connect with suppliers and artisans, negotiate deals, and see a wide variety of products in one location.
  4. B2B Online Platforms: Some online platforms specialize in B2B sales of Indian handicrafts, where retailers can place bulk orders directly with manufacturers or larger suppliers.

Things to Consider

  • Authenticity: Ensure that the Kalamkari pieces are authentic, especially when purchasing for resale. Srikalahasti Kalamkari is known for its hand-painted technique, using natural dyes.
  • Fair Trade Practices: Especially when dealing directly with artisans, it’s crucial to ensure fair trade practices to support the sustainable development of their communities.

These options should help both individual buyers and retailers access authentic Srikalahasti Kalamkari work from Andhra Pradesh.

Buying directly from artisans in Srikalahasti:

Buying directly from artisans in Srikalahasti allows you to support local craftspersons and obtain genuine Kalamkari products. Srikalahasti, located in the Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, is renowned for its unique style of Kalamkari art that is entirely hand-painted.

Steps to Buy Directly from Artisans in Srikalahasti
  1. Visit Srikalahasti: To purchase directly from the artisans, planning a visit to Srikalahasti is the best approach. The town is accessible by road and rail from major cities like Chennai and Bangalore.
  2. Explore Local Workshops: Many artisans work in their homes or small workshops. You can visit these places to see the artisans at work and purchase directly from them. These workshops are usually family-run and can be found throughout the town.
  3. Local Markets: Check local markets in Srikalahasti, where artisans often sell their products. These markets are vibrant places to explore a variety of Kalamkari works.
  4. Art and Craft Centers: There are centers and cooperatives in Srikalahasti where local artisans collaborate and sell their crafts. These centers also sometimes offer workshops where you can learn about the process of making Kalamkari.
  5. Ask for Recommendations: When you are in town, ask locals, hotel staff, or other shopkeepers for recommendations on where to find authentic Kalamkari artisans. They can often point you to lesser-known spots that are worth visiting.
Additional Tips
  • Plan Your Visit: If you’re traveling specifically to buy Kalamkari, it might be useful to plan your visit during a local festival or craft fair, when artisans display the best of their work.
  • Build Relationships: If you are a retailer looking to make bulk purchases, building a relationship with artisans can lead to better prices and regular updates on new products.
  • Verify Authenticity: Since Srikalahasti Kalamkari is hand-painted using natural dyes, ask the artisans about their techniques and materials to ensure you’re getting authentic products.

Visiting Srikalahasti not only provides the opportunity to purchase Kalamkari directly from the artisans but also offers a chance to see the rich cultural heritage associated with this art form.

How to reach Srikalahasti?:

Traveling to Srikalahasti, Andhra Pradesh to buy Kalamkari work directly from the artisans involves a few steps, depending on your starting point. Here’s a guide on how to get there:

From Bangalore (Bengaluru)

By Road: Srikalahasti is about 280 kilometers from Bangalore, and you can reach it by car or bus. The drive takes approximately 5 to 6 hours via National Highway 75 and NH 69. Several bus services, including state transport and private operators, run directly from Bangalore to Srikalahasti.

By Train: There are direct trains from Bangalore to Srikalahasti, which is a convenient and economical option. The journey by train can take anywhere from 6 to 8 hours depending on the service chosen.

By Air: The nearest airport to Srikalahasti is Tirupati Airport, located about 26 kilometers away. You can fly from Bangalore to Tirupati and then take a taxi or bus to Srikalahasti.

From Chennai

By Road: Srikalahasti is around 120 kilometers from Chennai, and the drive takes about 2 to 3 hours via NH 16. Both state buses and private buses run regularly between Chennai and Srikalahasti.

By Train: Chennai has excellent train connectivity to Srikalahasti, with multiple trains running daily. The train journey can take about 2 to 3 hours.

By Air: Flying from Chennai to Tirupati is another option, though it might not be the most practical due to the short distance. If you choose to fly, you can then take a cab or bus from Tirupati to Srikalahasti.

General Tips
  • Check Train and Bus Schedules: It’s a good idea to check the latest train and bus schedules on the IRCTC website or through various bus booking platforms.
  • Booking Accommodations: While Srikalahasti is not a large town, it offers a range of accommodations. Booking in advance, especially during festival seasons or weekends, is advisable.
  • Local Transport: Once in Srikalahasti, you can use auto-rickshaws or hire taxis to move around locally and visit artisan workshops.

Traveling to Srikalahasti gives you a unique opportunity to experience the traditional art of Kalamkari firsthand, and buying directly from artisans supports their craft and community.

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

By Mala Chandrashekhar

Introducing Blogger Mala Chandrashekhar - a specialist academically trained in modern Western sciences, yet deeply enamored with India's timeless ethnic arts, crafts, and textiles. Her heart beats for the rich and glorious cultural and spiritual heritage of India, and she has dedicated her entire blog to spreading the immortal glories of ancient India worldwide. Through her simple yet impactful blog posts, Mala aims to reach every nook and corner of the globe, sharing India's beauty and wisdom with the world.

But Mala doesn't stop at just sharing her own thoughts and ideas. She welcomes constructive criticisms and suggestions to improve her blog and make it even more impactful. And if you share her passion for India's culture and heritage, she extends a warm invitation for high-quality guest blog posts.

Ready to dive into the world of India's ageless beauty? Follow Mala on LinkedIn and join her in spreading the magic of ancient India to the world.

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