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Unveiling the Green Secrets: Surapala’s Vrikshayurveda – The Science of Healthy Plant Life from Ancient India

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In the realm of ancient wisdom, where nature and knowledge intertwined, there existed a remarkable Sanskrit text known as Vrikshayurveda. At its heart lies the brilliance of Surapala, a mysterious figure who illuminated the path to healthy plant growth and environmental protection. Today, we embark on a journey to unlock the green secrets concealed within Surapala’s Vrikshayurveda, delving into its profound teachings that transcend time and offer invaluable insights into the intricate world of plants and trees.

Unveiling Surapala’s Green Treasures:

Surapala’s Vrikshayurveda is a treasure trove of wisdom, guiding us on the art of nurturing and preserving nature’s abundant gifts. This ancient text, expertly translated by Dr. Nalini Sadhale under the guidance of Dr. Y. L. Nene from The Asian Agro-History Foundation, reveals Surapala’s vision for a harmonious coexistence between humans and the botanical world.

The Path to Healthy Plant Growth:

Within the pages of Vrikshayurveda, Surapala shares his insights on a wide range of topics crucial to plant health. From the procurement and protection of seeds to the art of planting and selecting suitable soil, Surapala leaves no stone unturned. He guides us through the intricacies of irrigation, the nuances of nutrition and fertilization, and even addresses the challenges of plant diseases and their remedies.

A Holistic Approach to Environmental Protection:

Surapala’s teachings extend beyond plant growth; they encompass a deep-rooted reverence for the environment. Vrikshayurveda emphasizes the need for sustainable practices, urging us to safeguard our surroundings for the benefit of future generations. It offers guidance on protecting plants from internal and external threats, encouraging eco-friendly approaches to garden layout, and shedding light on the wonders of groundwater resources. Surapala’s holistic approach reminds us of the interconnectedness between our well-being and the health of the environment.

Reviving Ancient Wisdom for a Sustainable Future:

As we embrace the teachings of Surapala, we must adapt his wisdom to the modern world. Vrikshayurveda serves as a bridge between ancient knowledge and contemporary practices, urging us to combine traditional wisdom with scientific advancements. By integrating Surapala’s principles into our agricultural practices, we can cultivate a greener and more sustainable future. Let us draw inspiration from the harmony he envisioned between humans and the natural world.

Rekindling the Green Flame:

In a time where environmental conservation is of paramount importance, Surapala’s Vrikshayurveda ignites a green flame within us all. Its lucid teachings remind us of our responsibility to protect and cherish the environment. By rediscovering and adopting the timeless wisdom of Surapala, we can become stewards of nature, fostering a deeper connection with the botanical realm and creating a greener, more sustainable planet for generations to come.


Surapala’s Vrikshayurveda unveils the ancient art of green healing, offering us a roadmap to nurture plant life and protect our environment. Its lucid teachings resonate with us today, as we strive for sustainable practices and a harmonious relationship with nature. Let us heed Surapala’s call, embracing the green treasures hidden within his profound text, and embark on a transformative journey towards a greener, more sustainable future.

Surapala’s treatise on Vrikshayurveda provides valuable insights into various flowering plants, vegetable plants, and fruit trees, outlining specific guidelines and recommendations for their growth and care. While the treatise covers a wide range of plants, here are some examples of what Surapala has mentioned:

Flowering Plants:

Neem Tree:

Surapala emphasizes the importance of neem trees and their role in promoting a healthy environment. He discusses their characteristics, growth patterns, and the benefits they offer in terms of natural pest control and medicinal properties.

Peepul Tree:

Surapala delves into the significance of peepul trees, highlighting their sacredness and the cultural and spiritual importance they hold. He provides guidance on planting and nurturing peepul trees to ensure their healthy growth.

Tulsi Plant:

Surapala recognizes the exceptional qualities of tulsi plants, known for their medicinal properties and religious significance. He provides instructions on the cultivation, maintenance, and utilization of tulsi plants for both health and spiritual purposes.

Vegetable Plants:

Parijata Vriksha:

Surapala acknowledges the usefulness of vegetable plants like the Parijata Vriksha. He discusses their nutritional value, cultivation techniques, and protection against pests and diseases to ensure a bountiful harvest.

Arali Flower Plant (Oleander):

Surapala offers insights into the growth and care of arali flower plants, including planting techniques, soil requirements, and appropriate watering methods. He also discusses the management of plant diseases that can affect arali flower plants.

Fruit Trees:

Thanga Arali Plant (Oleander):

Surapala explores the cultivation and maintenance of thanga arali plants, particularly highlighting their ornamental value and the enchanting beauty they bring to gardens. He discusses suitable soil conditions, watering practices, and overall plant health.

Ratnagiri Alphonso Mango Tree:

Surapala recognizes the importance of mango trees, particularly the Ratnagiri Alphonso variety. He offers guidance on selecting the right saplings, nurturing young mango trees, managing soil fertility, and protecting them from pests and diseases.

It’s important to note that Surapala’s treatise covers an extensive range of plants and their care, providing comprehensive insights into the growth, maintenance, and protection of various species. The specific details and recommendations for each plant type may vary within the text, reflecting the depth and breadth of Surapala’s knowledge on the subject.

Here are some additional details about Neem trees, Peepal trees, Tulsi plants, as well as Rose and Jasmine plants as mentioned in Surapala’s Vrikshayurveda:

Neem Tree:

Surapala highlights the Neem tree (Azadirachta indica) for its numerous beneficial properties. He discusses its unique characteristics, such as its evergreen nature, fast growth, and resistance to pests and diseases. Surapala elaborates on the various parts of the Neem tree that hold medicinal value, including the leaves, bark, flowers, and seeds. He emphasizes the Neem tree’s role in purifying the environment, preventing the spread of diseases, and promoting overall well-being.

Peepal Tree:

The Peepal tree (Ficus religiosa) holds immense cultural and religious significance in India, and Surapala acknowledges its importance. He provides guidance on the proper planting of Peepal trees, emphasizing the need for an ideal location with adequate sunlight and well-drained soil. Surapala also describes the significance of the tree’s leaves and the rituals associated with its worship. He underscores the Peepal tree’s ability to provide shade, enhance air quality, and contribute to the overall ecological balance.

Tulsi Plant:

Surapala devotes considerable attention to the Tulsi plant (Ocimum sanctum), which is considered sacred in Indian culture. He discusses the various types of Tulsi, such as Krishna Tulsi and Shyam Tulsi, and their respective qualities. Surapala provides instructions on cultivating Tulsi plants, including suitable soil conditions, watering techniques, and the importance of regular pruning. He also emphasizes the medicinal properties of Tulsi leaves and their use in Ayurvedic treatments.


Surapala acknowledges the enchanting beauty and fragrance of roses (Rosa spp.). While the exact species may vary, he provides general guidelines for growing and caring for rose plants. Surapala discusses the importance of selecting healthy rose saplings, providing adequate sunlight, proper soil preparation, and regular watering. He also highlights the significance of rose petals in traditional rituals, cosmetics, and perfumes.


Surapala recognizes the aromatic allure of jasmine plants (Jasminum spp.) and their cultural significance. He offers insights into the cultivation of various jasmine species, including Indian Jasmine (Jasminum sambac). Surapala describes the ideal growing conditions for jasmine plants, such as well-drained soil, moderate sunlight, and appropriate pruning techniques. He also discusses the use of jasmine flowers in religious ceremonies, perfumery, and traditional medicine.

In Vrikshayurveda, Surapala provides practical knowledge on the characteristics, cultivation techniques, and benefits of these plants. His guidance encompasses not only their physical attributes but also their cultural and medicinal significance, demonstrating a holistic understanding of their value in ancient Indian society.

Surapala’s treatise, Vrikshayurveda, extensively covers Indian medicinal herbs and their properties. Here are some key aspects he mentions regarding Indian medicinal herbs:

Identification and Classification:

Surapala provides detailed descriptions and classifications of various Indian medicinal herbs. He outlines their distinguishing features, growth patterns, and preferred habitats. This information assists readers in accurately identifying and locating these herbs.

Medicinal Properties:

Surapala delves into the therapeutic properties of Indian medicinal herbs. He describes their effects on the human body, including their potential to alleviate ailments, promote healing, and enhance overall well-being. Surapala emphasizes the importance of using these herbs for their medicinal benefits.

Preparation and Administration:

Surapala offers guidance on the preparation and administration of Indian medicinal herbs. He explains methods such as drying, grinding, and extracting active components to create herbal remedies. Surapala also recommends specific dosages and combinations of herbs to maximize their healing potential.

Disease Treatment:

Surapala discusses the application of Indian medicinal herbs in treating various diseases and health conditions. He provides remedies for common ailments such as fevers, digestive disorders, skin problems, respiratory issues, and more. Surapala’s insights into the specific herbs used for each condition enable readers to address health concerns effectively.

Ayurvedic Principles:

Surapala aligns his knowledge of Indian medicinal herbs with the principles of Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine. He emphasizes the balance of bodily humors (doshas) and the importance of personalized treatments based on individual constitutions. Surapala’s work reflects the holistic approach of Ayurveda in harnessing the healing potential of Indian medicinal herbs.

Conservation and Sustainability:

Surapala recognizes the significance of preserving and protecting Indian medicinal herbs. He emphasizes the need for sustainable harvesting practices and the responsible cultivation of these herbs. Surapala highlights the importance of maintaining ecological balance and ensuring the long-term availability of these valuable plant resources.

Surapala’s treatise on Vrikshayurveda serves as a comprehensive guide to Indian medicinal herbs, offering insights into their identification, properties, preparation, and therapeutic applications. His knowledge contributes to the rich tradition of herbal medicine in ancient India and continues to inspire modern herbal practices today.

Utilization of Organic Waste in Agriculture: Insights from Surapala’s ‘Vrikshayurveda

Surapala’s treatise “Vrikshayurveda” does cover the uses of human waste, animal waste, and plant waste in agriculture. The text provides insights into various organic practices and methods to utilize these waste materials effectively for agricultural purposes.

In “Vrikshayurveda,” Surapala emphasizes the importance of organic fertilizers and the benefits of utilizing natural sources of nutrients. The treatise discusses the use of compost, including the creation of compost heaps and the process of composting organic materials. Human waste, known as night soil, is mentioned as a potential source of organic matter and nutrients for enhancing soil fertility.

Similarly, animal waste, such as cow dung or manure, is highlighted as a valuable resource for enriching the soil. Surapala describes methods for collecting, storing, and applying animal waste to agricultural fields. He recognizes its role in improving soil structure, nutrient content, and overall plant growth.

Plant waste, including fallen leaves, crop residues, and other plant materials, is also discussed in “Vrikshayurveda.” Surapala suggests ways to collect and incorporate plant waste back into the soil as a means of recycling nutrients and maintaining soil health.

Overall, Surapala’s “Vrikshayurveda” acknowledges the importance of utilizing organic waste materials in agriculture to enhance soil fertility, promote sustainable practices, and support healthy plant growth.

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

By Mala Chandrashekhar

Introducing Blogger Mala Chandrashekhar - a specialist academically trained in modern Western sciences, yet deeply enamored with India's timeless ethnic arts, crafts, and textiles. Her heart beats for the rich and glorious cultural and spiritual heritage of India, and she has dedicated her entire blog to spreading the immortal glories of ancient India worldwide. Through her simple yet impactful blog posts, Mala aims to reach every nook and corner of the globe, sharing India's beauty and wisdom with the world.

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