The God Makers of Kolkata’s Kumartuli: Guardians of Tradition and Creativity

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage


Nestled within the vibrant city of Kolkata, lies a small neighborhood that pulsates with artistry and devotion. Kumartuli, renowned for its clay idol makers, serves as the creative hub where skilled craftsmen breathe life into divine forms for Hindu festivals. In this blog post, we delve into the captivating world of the god makers of Kumartuli, exploring their lives, craftsmanship, and the diverse range of idols they create for various auspicious occasions.

A Glimpse into Kumartuli’s Artistic Community:

Kumartuli, located on the banks of the Hooghly River, boasts a rich history that dates back several centuries. The name itself derives from the words “Kumar” (potter) and “Tuli” (locality), symbolizing the essence of the neighborhood. The craftsmen of Kumartuli, known as “kumars,” belong to a lineage of artisans whose skills have been passed down through generations.

Life in Kumartuli:

The craftsmen of Kumartuli lead a fascinating and dedicated life, immersed in their craft throughout the year. They often begin their preparations months in advance to meet the demands of the upcoming festivals. The community thrives on collaboration and camaraderie, with artisans working together in shared workshops known as “basus.” These workshops are bustling with activity, where artists sculpt, mold, and paint clay idols with meticulous attention to detail.

The Creation Process:

The process of crafting clay idols in Kumartuli is a labor-intensive and intricate affair. It begins with the construction of a basic framework using bamboo and straw. Over this framework, layers of clay are applied, gradually giving shape to the desired deity. The artisans skillfully sculpt each feature, capturing the expressions and intricate details that bring the idols to life. Once the clay dries, the idols are meticulously painted using vibrant colors, enhancing their divine presence.

Idols for Various Pujas:

Kumartuli’s artisans are known for their versatility, creating idols for a wide range of Hindu festivals and ceremonies. Some of the most prominent idols crafted in Kumartuli include:

Durga Puja:

Durga, the warrior goddess, is worshipped with immense devotion during this grand festival. Artisans create magnificent idols of Durga, accompanied by her four children, in elaborate and awe-inspiring forms.

Kali Puja:

Celebrated to honor the fierce goddess Kali, this festival witnesses the creation of powerful and awe-striking idols that capture her essence.

Saraswati Puja:

Goddess Saraswati, the embodiment of knowledge and wisdom, is revered during this festival. The craftsmen sculpt beautiful idols of Saraswati, often depicting her playing the veena and adorned with symbols of learning.

Ganesh Chaturthi:

The elephant-headed deity Ganesha is crafted during this festival, with Kumartuli’s artisans skillfully bringing forth his playful and benevolent nature.

Preserving Tradition and Adapting to Change:

While the god makers of Kumartuli have been custodians of tradition, they also embrace innovation and evolving preferences. In recent years, they have introduced eco-friendly practices, using organic materials and water-soluble colors, ensuring a sustainable approach to idol making.


The craftsmen of Kumartuli are the guardians of a profound tradition, preserving and propagating the art of clay idol making. Their devotion, craftsmanship, and attention to detail breathe life into the divine forms that grace countless Hindu festivals. Through their skillful hands and unwavering dedication, Kumartuli’s god makers continue to mesmerize the world with their art, ensuring that the essence of these festivals remains vibrant and awe-inspiring for generations to come.

From Kumartuli to the World: Exporting the Divine Essence


Kumartuli, a neighborhood renowned for its clay idol makers in Kolkata, not only serves as a cultural hub for Hindu festivals in India but also extends its artistic reach to overseas nations. In this blog post, we explore the global impact of Kumartuli’s craftsmanship, highlighting the destinations where these exquisite clay idols find their way, spreading the divine essence far beyond the borders of India.

The Global Reach of Kumartuli’s Clay Idols:

The artistry and craftsmanship of Kumartuli’s god makers have gained international recognition, attracting interest and demand from various corners of the world. These clay idols, crafted with devotion and precision, have found their way to numerous overseas nations, carrying the beauty and spirituality of Indian festivals across continents.

Destinations of Export:

United States:

The United States is one of the significant destinations for Kumartuli’s clay idols. Indian diaspora communities and cultural organizations eagerly await these meticulously crafted idols to celebrate festivals like Durga Puja, Diwali, and Navaratri.

United Kingdom:

The United Kingdom has a significant presence of Indian communities who celebrate Hindu festivals with great enthusiasm. Kumartuli’s idols grace temples, community centers, and private homes, adding a touch of tradition and spirituality to the festivities.


In Canada, the demand for clay idols from Kumartuli has seen a steady rise. Hindu communities across cities like Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal eagerly import these idols to observe their religious and cultural traditions.


The rich multicultural fabric of Australia embraces the vibrant celebrations of Hindu festivals. Kumartuli’s clay idols are sought-after by Indian communities in cities like Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane, where they become the focal point of festive worship and cultural events.

Singapore and Malaysia:

The thriving Indian communities in Singapore and Malaysia eagerly embrace the art of Kumartuli. These nations have witnessed the rise of local temples and cultural associations adorned with beautifully crafted clay idols, bringing a sense of spiritual connection and heritage to the festivities.

Other Countries:

Kumartuli’s clay idols have also found their way to countries like South Africa, Mauritius, Fiji, and Suriname, where Indian diaspora communities cherish their cultural and religious roots.

Preserving Tradition Beyond Borders:

The export of clay idols from Kumartuli not only caters to the spiritual needs of Indian communities abroad but also helps promote and preserve the rich tradition of Indian art and craftsmanship. These idols serve as ambassadors of culture, fostering a sense of unity, devotion, and cultural exchange among diverse communities.


From the narrow lanes of Kumartuli in Kolkata, the divine clay idols crafted by its skilled artisans have embarked on a remarkable journey, traversing continents and crossing oceans. The artistry and spirituality of these idols have captivated the hearts of people in distant lands, forging connections and fostering cultural understanding. As Kumartuli’s clay idols continue to be exported to various overseas nations, they carry the essence of Indian festivals and the profound devotion of their creators, transcending boundaries and spreading the divine light of Hindu traditions.

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

By Mala Chandrashekhar

Introducing Blogger Mala Chandrashekhar - a specialist academically trained in modern Western sciences, yet deeply enamored with India's timeless ethnic arts, crafts, and textiles. Her heart beats for the rich and glorious cultural and spiritual heritage of India, and she has dedicated her entire blog to spreading the immortal glories of ancient India worldwide. Through her simple yet impactful blog posts, Mala aims to reach every nook and corner of the globe, sharing India's beauty and wisdom with the world.

But Mala doesn't stop at just sharing her own thoughts and ideas. She welcomes constructive criticisms and suggestions to improve her blog and make it even more impactful. And if you share her passion for India's culture and heritage, she extends a warm invitation for high-quality guest blog posts.

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