Nag Panchami: Revering the Serpent Gods in Hinduism

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage


Hinduism is a religion rich in diverse customs and festivals, each with its own unique significance. One such festival that holds a special place in Hindu mythology and culture is Nag Panchami. Celebrated with devotion and reverence, Nag Panchami is dedicated to worshipping the serpent gods, symbolizing both fear and respect. This ancient festival honors the power and presence of snakes in Hindu folklore and spiritual beliefs.

Legend and Significance

According to Hindu mythology, snakes hold a significant place as powerful beings associated with various deities. They are revered as Nagas, divine serpent creatures capable of both benevolence and wrath. Nag Panchami celebrates the divine serpents, particularly Ananta, Vasuki, Shesha, and other serpent gods who are believed to reside in the netherworld and protect the world from evil forces.

Nagas are considered divine beings with the power to control the elements of nature. They are often associated with fertility, rain, and water bodies. In Hindu iconography, Lord Vishnu is depicted reclining on the serpent Shesha, signifying the eternal relationship between the divine and serpents. Nag Panchami serves as an occasion to express gratitude and seek blessings from these powerful entities.

Rituals and Celebrations

Nag Panchami is observed on the fifth day (Panchami) of the bright half of the Hindu lunar month of Shravana, which typically falls between July and August. Devotees pay homage to the serpents through various rituals and customs.

On this day, people clean and decorate their homes and draw intricate designs called Rangolis at the entrance to welcome the Nagas. Special puja (worship) areas are created, adorned with pictures or idols of serpents. Devotees offer milk, honey, flowers, fruits, and other traditional items to the serpent gods as a mark of respect and devotion.

One of the significant rituals of Nag Panchami involves worshipping live snakes. Devotees visit snake pits or temples dedicated to Nagas, offering prayers and milk to the snakes. It is believed that this act appeases the serpents and protects them from harm. Snake charmers also play a prominent role during this festival, showcasing their talents and exhibiting snakes.

Nag Panchami is not limited to serpent worship alone; it also holds cultural and social significance. Folk dances, songs, and dramas are performed to depict mythical stories related to snakes. These performances not only entertain but also serve as a medium to educate people about the importance of snakes in Hindu mythology.


Nag Panchami is a festival that bridges the gap between human and divine, bringing forth the ancient reverence for serpents in Hinduism. It is a time when devotees acknowledge the power and significance of snakes in mythology and express their gratitude through rituals and offerings. The festival not only strengthens the bond between humans and the natural world but also highlights the coexistence and harmony that can be achieved.

As we celebrate Nag Panchami, let us embrace the teachings of this festival and develop a sense of respect and appreciation for all living creatures. May the blessings of the serpent gods bring us protection, prosperity, and wisdom, and may we learn to live in harmony with the natural world and its diverse inhabitants.

Spread India's Glorious Cultural & Spiritual Heritage

By Mala Chandrashekhar

Introducing Blogger Mala Chandrashekhar - a specialist academically trained in modern Western sciences, yet deeply enamored with India's timeless ethnic arts, crafts, and textiles. Her heart beats for the rich and glorious cultural and spiritual heritage of India, and she has dedicated her entire blog to spreading the immortal glories of ancient India worldwide. Through her simple yet impactful blog posts, Mala aims to reach every nook and corner of the globe, sharing India's beauty and wisdom with the world.

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