Akhand Bharat – Concept based on truth – An Article by Professor Vivek Singh
‘Jambudweepe Bharatakhande’ which is spoken in Sanskrit at the time of Sankalpa in any Hindu religious ceremony mentions that India falls under Jambudweep.
Indian culture is the greatest culture in the world. Today’s Bharatvarsha once known as Aryavarta is the oldest nation in the world.
India has been a nation providing knowledge, science and culture to the entire world. When the world was living in the darkness of ignorance, the Sun of Knowledge descended from India and showered knowledge on the whole wide world.
In the last 2500 years, various organizations, invaders and countries invaded India and attacked it repeatedly. Bharatavarsha (Aryavarta) has been fragmented 24 times in the known history of 2500 years.
Many attacks were made on India by French, Dutch, Kushan, Shak, Yemen, Greeks, Mughals and British.
Nowhere in history it is mentioned that they attacked countries like Afghanistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan, Malaysia because all these were parts of Aryavarta.
Afghanistan was recognized as an independent country in 1876, Bhutan in 1906, Sri Lanka in 1935, Pakistan in 1947. Before 1875, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Tibet were important parts of India.
The British were frightened by the revolution against the British in 1857, and following the principle of divide and rule, Britishers first separated Afghanistan from India in 1876 and this continued till 1947.
If we talk about Mahabharata and Ramayana period, countries like Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia were also unbreakable parts of India (Aryavarta). The ancient name of Singapore was Singhpur.
Unbroken India extended from the Himalayas to the Indian Ocean and from Iran to Indonesia. India’s area in 1857 was 83 lakh square kilometers, which is currently 33 lakh square kilometers.
From 1857 to 1947, India was fragmented many times by external powers. Afghanistan was separated from India in 1876, Nepal in 1904, Bhutan in 1906, Tibet in 1907, Sri Lanka in 1935, Myanmar in 1937 and Pakistan in 1947.
The British separated Sri Lanka from India in 1935. The old name of Sri Lanka was Sinhaldeep. The name Sinhaldeep was later renamed Ceylon. Sri Lanka’s name was Tamraparni during the reign of Emperor Ashoka. Mahendra, son of Emperor Ashoka and daughter Sanghamitra went to Sri Lanka to propagate Buddhism. Sri Lanka is a part of united India.
The ancient name of Afghanistan was Upganasthan and Kandahar’s was Gandhara. Afghanistan was a Shaivite country. The Gandhara described in the Mahabharata is in Afghanistan from where the Kauravas’ mother was Gandhari and maternal uncle Shakuni.
The description of Kandahar i.e. Gandhara is found till the reign of Shah Jahan. It was a part of India. In 1876 Gandamak treaty was signed between Russia and Britain. After the treaty, Afghanistan was accepted as a separate country.
The ancient name of Myanmar (Varma) was Brahmadesh. In 1937, the recognition of a separate country to Myanmar i.e. Varma was given by the British. In ancient times, the Hindu king Anandavrata ruled here.
Nepal was known as Deodhar in ancient times. Lord Buddha was born in Lumbini and mother Sita was born in Janakpur which is in Nepal today.
Nepal was made a separate country in 1904 by the British. Nepal was called the Hindu nation of Nepal – Hindu Rashtra Nepal. Until a few years ago, the king of Nepal was called Nepal Naresh.
Nepal has 81 percent Hindus and 9% Buddhists. Nepal was an integral part of India during the reigns of Emperor Ashoka and Samudragupta. In 1951, Maharaja Tribhuvan Singh of Nepal appealed to the then Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru to merge Nepal with India, but Jawaharlal Nehru rejected the proposal.
Thailand was known as Syam until 1939. The major cities were Ayodhya, Shri Vijay etc. The construction of Buddhist temples in Syam began in the third century. Even today many Shiva temples are there in this country. The capital of Thailand Bangkok also has hundreds of Hindu temples.
Cambodia is derived from the Sanskrit name Kamboj, was part of unbroken India. The Kaundinya dynasty of Indian origin ruled here from the first century itself. People here used to worship Shiva, Vishnu and Buddha. The national language was Sanskrit.
Even today in Cambodia, the names of Indian months such as Chet, Visakh, Asadha are used.
The world renowned Ankorwat temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu, which was built by the Hindu king Suryadev Varman. The walls of the temple have paintings related to the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The ancient name of Ankorwat is Yashodharpur.
The ancient name of Vietnam is Champadesh and its principal cities were Indrapur, Amravati and Vijay. Many Shiva, Lakshmi, Parvati and Saraswati temples will still be found here. Shivling was also worshiped here. The people were called Cham who were originally Shaivites.
The ancient name of Malaysia was Malay Desh which is a Sanskrit word which means the land of mountains. Malaysia is also described in Ramayana and Raghuvansham. Shaivism was practiced in Malay. Goddess Durga and Lord Ganesha were also worshiped. The main script here was Brahmi and Sanskrit was the main language.
The ancient name of Indonesia is Dipantar Bharat which is also mentioned in the Puranas. Deepantar Bharat means the ocean across India. It was the kingdom of Hindu kings. The largest Shiva temple was in the island of Java. The temples were mainly carved with Lord Rama and Lord Krishna. The Bhuvanakosh is the oldest book containing 525 verses of Sanskrit.
The names or motos of the leading institutions of Indonesia are still in Sanskrit –
Indonesian Police Academy – Dharma Bijaksana Kshatriya
Indonesia National Armed Forces – Tri Dharma Ek Karma
Indonesia Airlines – Garun Airlines
Indonesia Ministry of Home Affairs – Charak Bhuvan
Indonesia Ministry of Finance – Nagar Dhan Raksha
Indonesia Supreme Court – Dharma Yukti
The ancient name of Tibet was Trivishtam which was divided into two parts. One part was given to China and the other to Lama after an agreement between the Chinese and the British in 1907. In 1954, India’s Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru accepted Tibet as part of China to show his solidarity to Chinese people.
Bhutan was separated from India by the British in 1906 and recognized as a separate country. Bhutan is derived from the Sanskrit word Bhu Utthan which means high ground.
There was partition of India on August 14, 1947 by the British and Pakistan came into existence as East Pakistan and West Pakistan. Mohammad Ali Jinnah had been demanding a separate country on the basis of religion since 1940 which later became Pakistan.
In 1971 with the cooperation of India Pakistan was divided again and Bangladesh came into existence. Pakistan and Bangladesh are parts of India.
In different periods of history, India was divided into different countries. Now these parts can be reconstituted in India only by merging them one by one.
After independence in 1947, Pondicherry was freed from French occupation in 1954. Goa and Daman Diu were liberated from Portuguese occupation in 1961. Sikkim was liberated in 1975 and made part of India.
All the countries which were earlier important parts of India have become independent countries today. It is difficult but not impossible to merge these countries into India.
Akhand Bharat may, thus, consist of at least nine independent sovereign nations i.e. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Maldives.
More often than not, the Akhand Bharat is said to comprise India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Nepal, Tibet, Bhutan and Sri Lanka. Some, in fact, go on to suggest that whole of South and South-East Asia, having been once integral to Pracheen Bharat, could be included in Akhand Bharat.
The world wide web is strewn with materials claiming that the ‘the idea of Akhand Bharat is as old as the ‘civilisation’ spread over the modern-day Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Burma, Tibet, Bhutan, and Bangladesh.
Claims around Akhand Bharat on the World Wide Web suggest that some groups are keen to realise this idea within the next 10-15 years from now, while astrologers on the Web are more circumspect, asserting that Akhand Bharat might come about in the next 20-25 years.