Surajkund, meaning ‘Lake of the Sun’, is an artificial lake / reservoir built in the backdrop of the Aravalli hills with an amphitheatre shaped embankment constructed in semicircular form.
It is said to have been built by King Surajpal of the Tomara dynasty in the 10th century. Tomar, the younger son of Anangpal Tomar – the ruler of Delhi, was a sun worshipper and he had therefore built a Sun temple on its western bank.
Surajkund is known for its annual fair ‘Surajkund International Craft Mela’.
2015 edition of this fair was visited by 1.2 million visitors including 160,000 foreigners with more than 20 countries participating in it.
A splash of colours, rhythm of drum beats and joy de-vivre merge at Surajkund in Faridabad, Haryana during the first fortnight of each February.
The curtains go up on the acclaimed annual Surajkund International Crafts Mela from 1st February onwards, a celebration of Indian folk traditions and cultural heritage.
Occupying a place of pride on the international tourist calendar, more than a million visitors throng the Mela during the fortnight including thousands of foreign tourists.
The Surajkund Mela is unique as it showcases the richness and diversity of the handicrafts, handlooms and cultural fabric of India, & is the largest crafts fair in the world.
The Mela is organized by the Surajkund Mela Authority & Haryana Tourism in collaboration with Union Ministries of Tourism, Textiles, Culture and External Affairs.
For the 34th Surajkund International Crafts Mela-2020, the state of Himachal Pradesh has been chosen to be the Theme State. At least 20 countries & all the states of India will be participating in the Mela.
A large number of renowned national and international folk artistes and cultural groups present day performances at both the Chaupals, the open-air theatres, located in the Mela premises.
Also enthralling cultural evening programmes are held at the main Chaupal during each of the Mela evening.
The Mela is indeed a custodian of the heritage crafts involving use of traditional skills that are fading away due to cheap machine made imitations, and a special section is earmarked for showcasing of these heritage crafts.
The multi-cuisine Food Court provides ethnic cuisines from all over the world, which are immensely popular with visitors. There are designated places for amusement, adventure sports and joy rides to make it a must visit event for the young.
In 2013, the fair was upgraded to an international level and in 2015, a record number of 20 countries participated in the Mela and Lebanon was the Partner Nation and Chhattisgarh, the Theme State.
A splash of colours, rhythm of drum beats and joy de-vivre, merge at Surajkund in Faridabad, Haryana during the first fortnight of each February.
The curtains go up on the acclaimed annual ‘Surajkund International Crafts Mela’ from 1st February onwards, a celebration of Indian folk traditions and cultural heritage.
The Mela celebrates the unique diversity of Indian traditions and culture in a ambience, created to represent the ethos of rural India.
Surajkund International Crafts Mela showcases some of the most exquisite handlooms and handicrafts of India. Handmade fabrics soaked in ethnic colours make an eye catching display for the visitors.
The multi-cuisine Food Courts provides ethnic cuisines from all over the world, which are immensely popular with visitors.
The scintillating folk performances at the two ‘Chaupals’ and mesmerizing evening recitals at ‘Natyashala’ rev up the entertainment quotient. There are designated places for amusement, adventure sports and joy rides to make it a must visit event for the young.
In 2013, the fair was upgraded to an International Level and was rechristened as ‘28th Surajkund International Crafts Mela’.
In 2014, over 15 countries from European & African continents participated in the Mela including SAARC nations.
In the backdrop of the lake, during the spring season, every year from 1–15 February, a colourful traditional craft festival of India is held on 40 acres of land in the precincts of Surajkund which is attended by all states of India along with several dozen other nations and over 1.2 million visitors including 200,000 foreigners.
This fair was first started in 1987. Traditional craftsmen (artists, painters, weavers and sculptors) from all parts of the country participate in this annual celebration named as the ‘Surajkund Crafts Mela‘ or ‘Surajkund designer’s Village’.
Designer items created by 50 best designers and craftsmen in wood, metal, bamboo, iron, glass, textiles and stone can be seen here.
This Mela (fair) is visited by lovers of arts and crafts from all over the world. The fair is held with a different theme every year on Indian culture and crafts.
The theme, specific to a state of India, is depicted at the entrance to the Mela grounds and provides an ambience of that particular state with characteristic colors, materials, architecture, furniture and decorations.
The crafts on display in the stalls (400) is of particular crafts of that state. The Mela also includes a food festival covering some of the popular cuisines from different parts of the country.
Entertainment in the form of famous rhythms and dance of folk theatre are also held here during the festival.
During 2009, with Madhya Pradesh as the theme state, 50 craftsmen from SAARC countries, Thailand and Egypt also participated in the Mela.
2015 edition of fair was visited by 1.2 million visitors including 160,000 foreigners. In 2016 edition China will be participating in the fair as a part of agreement signed between India and China to celebrate 2016 as ‘Year of China in India’